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Territorial governance of managed retreat in Sweden: addressing challenges
Swedish Geotechnical Institute.
Swedish Geotechnical Institute.
Swedish Geotechnical Institute.
Swedish Geotechnical Institute.
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2021 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, ISSN 2190-6483, E-ISSN 2190-6491Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many climate adaptation options currently being discussed in Sweden to meet the challenge of surging seas and inland flooding advocate holding the line through various hard and soft measures to stabilize the shoreline, while managed retreat is neither considered as feasible option nor has it been explicitly researched in Sweden. 

However, failure to consider future flooding from climate change in municipal planning may have dangerous and costly consequences when the water does come. We suggest that managed retreat practices are challenging in Sweden, not only due to public opinions but also because of a deficit of uptake of territorial knowledge by decision-makers and difficulties in realizing flexible planning options of the shoreline. 

A territorial governance framework was used as a heuristic to explore the challenges to managed retreat in four urban case studies (three municipalities and one county) representing different territorial, hydrological and oceanographic environments. This was done through a series of participatory stakeholder workshops. 

The analysis using a territorial governance framework based on dimensions of coordination, integration, mobilization, adaptation and realization presents variations in how managed retreat barriers and opportunities are perceived among case study sites, mainly due to the differing territorial or place-based challenges. 

The results also indicate common challenges regardless of the case study site, including coordination challenges and unclear responsibility, the need for integrated means of addressing goal conflicts and being able to adapt flexibly to existing regulations and plans. Yet rethinking how managed retreat could boost community resilience and help to implement long-term visions was seen as a way to deal with some of the territorial challenges.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2021.
Keywords [en]
Territorial governance, Managed retreat, Flooding, Climate adaptation, Sea, Coast, River, Case history, Sweden, English
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:swedgeo:diva-948DOI: 10.1007/s13412-021-00696-zOAI: oai:DiVA.org:swedgeo-948DiVA, id: diva2:1552895
Available from: 2021-05-06 Created: 2021-05-06 Last updated: 2021-05-10

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf